The Celestial Sea and the Ark of Heaven
Oct 20, 2004
Author: Tracy R. Twyman
“And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which [were] under the firmament from the waters which [were] above the firmament: and it was so.” (Genesis 1: 6-7)
There can be no doubt that the ancients conceived of the sky above as a great cosmic ocean, or as it was called in the Bible, the “firmament of Heaven.” In the above quote, God is described as having to literally separate the seas of the firmament from those on the Earth. In the Hittite text, The Song of Ullikumi, the gods are said to have “cut apart the celestial realm and the Earth with a cutter.” For people who did not realize that they lived on a spherical rock floating in empty space, but instead saw a flat landscape, with a point on the horizon where the sky met the seas, this was an acceptable explanation. It seemed to them that they were surrounded by seas, beyond which was nothing but more water, stretching out to infinity, arching over their heads in what was called “the canopy of Heaven.” Surrounded by water, they could only imagine that this is where they and their gods had come from. In fact, in The Book of Genesis, the heavenly waters are described as giving birth to creation itself. “And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl [that] may fly above the Earth in the open firmament of Heaven.” God himself first made his appearance by manifesting within these waters. “And the spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.”
Another interesting thing about this heavenly ocean is that it was at one time depicted as literally being frozen, leading many fringe theologists to postulate that a layer of ice did at one point surround the Earth, having been melted by some natural disaster, perhaps causing the Deluge of Noah, when the “floodgates of Heaven were opened.” The crystalline structure of Heaven is confirmed in Exodus 24:10 when it says: “And they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of Heaven in his clearness.” Then later on in Job 38:30, we read: “The waters are hid as [with] a stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.” Finally in Revelation 4:6, St. John the Divine declares: “And before the throne [there was] a sea of glass like unto crystal.” This throne is of course the throne of God. A similar description is made by the title character in The Book of Enoch, an apocryphal scripture supposedly written by the only human figure in the Bible (besides Jesus) who was actually transmuted alive into Heaven. As Enoch described it:
“They elevated me aloft into heaven. I proceeded, until I arrived at a wall built with stones of crystal. A tongue of fire surrounded it, which began to strike me with terror. Into this vibrating flame I entered. And drew nigh to a spacious habitation built with stones of crystal. Its wall, too, as well as pavement, were formed with stones of crystal, and crystal likewise was on the ground. Its roof had the appearance of the running of the stars and flashes of lightening....”
In The Book of Enoch the angels of Heaven, or “the Watchers’, as they are called, are described specifically as “stars.” They are called “Watchers” because they look down on Earth from Heaven, and they travel around through the twelve “watchtowers”, which are obviously the houses of the zodiac. One should assume that the planets were included among the “stars” in the ancient world. These planets travel in orbits called “oaths”, since it was conceived that the planets or “stars” were intelligent beings – gods - who had taken an oath with the Most High God to travel these specific paths at specific intervals of time throughout eternity. Writes Enoch:
“I marked their rich progress; their observance of a mutual fidelity by an oath to which they adhered; their proceeding forth before the sun, and their adherence to their oath, in obedience to the command of the Lord of spirits.”
The Egyptians believed that their sun-god Ra, traveling in his daily orbit, was actually the pilot of the “Boat of Heaven” which navigated the Celestial Sea. “Adoration of Ra on the day he saileth in the boat. Homage to thee within his boat, rising, twice, shining with rays”, we read in The Book of the Dead. With it he sailed to the underworld, and then back up to Heaven again. The Egyptians believed that they too would make this journey upon the Boat of Ra after their death, to be judged by Osiris in the underworld. In fact the priests of Egypt actually built a life-sized replica of this boat, which they would drag around the walls of the city in a daily ritual meant to imitate the revolutions of the Sun. This boat was actually discovered by archeologists in 1954, buried next to the Great Pyramid at Giza.
Many other cultures had similar myths about the Sun. The Greeks had the story of Hercules sailing to the Underworld in the cup of Helios every night. Because of this, many believe, we have the ancient myth of the Black Sun. As the Sun descended into the underworld at night, it died, and turned black. It then traveled via a subterranean passageway to the Western side of the Earth, and re-emerged alive again from the sea the next morning. This has itself evolved into a modern-day belief that the Earth is hollow, and that inside, the “underworld” is lit by a subterranean black sun. This world can be entered at the Earth’s poles, and the black sun rests stationary in the center, along the Earth’s central Axis. Since the Black Sun is linked to the poles and the axis, many have confused it with Arktos, the Pole Star.
But as I have previously written in earlier articles, the “Black Sun” is also a stage in the alchemical process, and there it is associated with the planet Saturn, which in traditional occult systems has always been linked with the color black. Furthermore, the mythology of Saturn, or Kronos, says that he was the leader of the gods known as “Titans”, whom Zeus overthrew and cast into the underworld, where Saturn became their Dark Lord, paralleling very closely the story of the Black Sun. Yet the “Elixir of Life”, or the Grail Stone which is the end result of the alchemical process, is most certainly associated with the solar Sun above. How is it, then, that the planet Saturn could come to be associated with the Sun?
Puzzled by this inconsistency, I was at a loss as to how to finish this article, until coming across, through a weird twist of fate, an article written by David Talbott for Aeon Magazine called “The Ship of Heaven.” I was shocked to discover that yet another author had linked Saturn, not only with the Black Sun, but with the Boat of Ra as well. According to Talbott, the sky once looked much different than it does now. He proposes a pre-diluvian cosmology in which the dominant figure in the night sky was the planet Saturn. As this and other planets moved closer to Earth, a reflection from the light of Saturn created the appearance of a crescent of light revolving around him.(1) This, according to Talbott, became interpreted by the ancients as “the Ship of Heaven”, and this, he says, was the real Boat of Ra. He points out that the Egyptian descriptions of the Boat of Ra have it sailing through the sky at night, and journeying through the underworld during the day, as well as setting in the East instead of the West, exactly the opposite behavior of our current Sun.(2) Writes Talbott:
“According to the model, the apparition began to grow bright as the crescent descended to the left of Saturn; reached its point of greatest splendor when the crescent was directly below Saturn; began to diminish when the crescent rose to the right; and was its weakest when the crescent was directly over Saturn.”
One will recall that in Judeo-Christianity, Satan’s transgression against God was that he wanted to be the brightest light in the heavens. According to this theory, as Saturn, he certainly was. In fact Saturn was, originally, a solar deity, and at the time, the most celebrated figure in the night sky. Talbott writes that:
“Long before the age of Latin Poets and historians, however, the Sumerians and Babylonians celebrated the ship of the planet god Saturn. The priests of Lagash knew Saturn as Ningirsu, owner of the ‘the beloved ship’, a celestial vehicle that ‘rises out of the dam of the deep.’”
This figure, if it actually existed, could have been the source for a number of mythological archetypes. For one thing, it could be the source for the symbol of the crescent itself, which has always been associated with the Moon. Talbott believes that this is a misunderstanding that has caused many Saturnian gods and symbols to be mistranslated as lunar gods and symbols:
“The specific character of the ship as a crescent and the relationship of the crescent to the sun god is well illustrated by the Sumerian and Babylonian God Sin, probably the most familiar crescent-divinity in the ancient world. While Sin is titled ‘Udsar’, ‘the crescent’, he is also proclaimed to be ‘the shining bark of the Heavens.’...In view of the acknowledged identity of Saturn as the sun god, it is significant that in numerous Mesopotamian illustrations of the Sin-Crescent, the sun is shown resting in the center of its embrace... Of course the usual identification of the crescent-ship with the Moon is due to one fact alone: the new Moon is the only crescent familiar to the modern age.”(3)
Talbott further claims that this symbol of Saturn inside the crescent also evolved into the solar symbol of the dot inside a circle, as well as the “Eye of Horus” that we see each day on the back of our dollar bill. Since Saturn’s throne is in the midst of this boat, this must be the source of the ancient “Eye of the Throne” symbol for world monarchy. I would add that this is possibly an origin for the familiar Catholic icon of the Holy Grail with the stone inside, or the communion cup receiving the sun-host. As well, the double masts of the boat became, according to Talbot, the two horns of the Bull of Heaven. Thus, the horns which the deities of so many cultures have been said to possess, and which became synonymous with divinity and royalty, are not a lunar symbol, but a solar symbol, much more fitting to be adorning the crown of a king, as they did throughout the ancient world. And since Saturn is Satan, this is why Satan is said to have horns, as well as many other gods of the ancient world. Says Talbott:
“The Sumerian Nannar, Babylonian Sin, esteemed as a celestial bull with glistening horns, is also, ‘the shining bark of the heavens.’ An identical role of the celestial bull occurs in Egypt, where the Pyramid Texts declare: ‘May you ferry over by means of the Great Bull... The Bull of the Sky has bent down his horn that he may pass over thereby. Thus a Coffin Text celebrates the ‘long-horn which supports the bark of Anubis.’ And if these are not explicit enough, we have from the Coffin Texts: ‘O Horn, ferry across Him who is in is shrine.”(4)
These two horns also became, in mythology, the two peaks of the world mountain, while the circuit in which the boat traveled around Saturn became the wheel of the world axis. Talbott points out that the world mountain of the Hindus, Mount Meru, was “designated as... ‘the mast’ of the Argha, the ship the gods.”
Interestingly, in Egypt, the ship was likened to a serpent, as was the celestial “stream” in which it traveled. Egyptian depictions show the two masts of the ship as two serpent heads, and others depict the circuit in which the boat travels as a serpent biting its tail - the universal symbol of the Orobouros. The body of the serpent is depicted as a wavy line, emphasizing its association with water. Both the ship and the watery pathway were also identified with the womb of the mother goddess. Writes Talbott:
“Virtually every mythical form of the sun-god’s dwelling...was declared to be a ‘ship’ sailing on the cosmic waters. The ancient mother goddess, conceived as a luminous ‘womb’ in the sky, was also invoked as the ‘ship.’ Thus, ‘ship’ is the name of the womb of the Sumerian Inanna. Correspondingly, ‘the ship of the brilliant offspring’ was an epithet of the Babylonian goddess Bau. The Egyptians conceived the band of the enclosed sun as the womb of the goddess Nut, also called a ‘ship.’ The Pyramid Texts say, ‘Row me, O mother of mine; row me O abode of mine. O Boat of the sky... O Boat of Nut.’”
This celestial stream or waterway which was the pathway of the Heavenly Boat was also symbolized as “a lake of hair.” Furthermore, a lock of hair was affixed to the mast so that the ship could be towed across the sky. Who did the towing? Why, none other than our old friend, the planet Venus! This is important because Venus and Saturn, or Kronos, had a very special relationship.
According to many versions of the tale, Venus was actually Saturn’s daughter. He had been feuding with his father, Ouranus, and was castrated. His penis fell to Earth, plunged into the sea, and inseminated Rhea, the Earth goddess. A cloud of foam rising from the sea gave birth to Venus. This is where we get our picture of Venus rising from the half-shell out of the ocean. Those who have read the other articles in this issue will see the parallels to the “Dolorous Stroke” which castrated the Fisher King, as well as Osiris being murdered, dismembered, and dumped in the Nile river by his father, where his penis was eaten by a fish. There is also an obvious parallel with the story of the “Quinotaur” or the sea monster that spawned the Merovingian kings. One of my sources claimed that Venus was sometimes depicted as the fish-goddess “Atargatis”, and another source claimed that Dagon “sometimes incarnated as a female, ‘Atargatis.’” (Note that the word is very similar to “Astarte” and “Agartha”.) Furthermore, Dagon is connected to the figure of Oannes, who is connected to Janus, the double-headed one. One source also pointed out that the “vesica pisces” is an emblem the female vagina, as well as the Christian “ichthys.” As I have said many times previously in my Grail writings, we seem to be running up against something with Hermaphroditic qualities. Incidentally, just as Kronos is symbolized by a six-pointed star, Venus is symbolized by a five-pointed star, and both symbols have shown up repeatedly in the story of Rennes-le-Chateau and the Priory of Sion
The birth of Venus is believed to have taken place at a specific spot in the ocean, “Petra tou Romiou”, or “the Rock of the Romans.” This brings to my mind the similarity between the story of Kronos’ penis being pitched to Earth and the story of the stone that fell from Heaven, which as I have established in a previous article, symbolizes both the secret doctrine of knowledge that the gods taught to mankind, and also the divine seed which they passed down to their human/hybrid descendants. The fact that the disembodied penis produced progeny implies that this myth is a statement on Kronos’ title “the Forgotten Father.” And it was Kronos who was the father of the Titans, the race of gods who were cast into the underworld by Zeus after being overthrown by him. H.P. Blavatsky wrote in The Secret Doctrine:
“...it is suspected that the name of ‘Titan’ is derived from Tit-Ain - ‘The fountains of the chaotic abyss’ (Tit-Theus, or Tityus is ‘the divine deluge.); and thus the Titans... are shown to be connected with the Flood...”
Indeed, the Titans would have been connected with the Flood, for they were the kings of Atlantis according to author Ignatius Donnelly, and therefore masters of navigation. Even David Talbott confirms this:
“It is generally agreed that Ovid is correct in saying that this ship of Saturn is that which appears on the reverse of coins stamped with the double face of Janus. The latter god, Saturn's acknowledged alter ego, was remembered as the ‘inventor’ of ships.”
This statement is interesting not only because it implies that Janus and Saturn are the same, and therefore, so are Dagon, Oannes and Poseidon. It also says that the Titans, as literal historical figures, had actual boats, on Earth, upon which they sailed the seven seas. This is how they built their global empire, discussed in other articles in this issue. This is not mere symbolism. This actually happened. It makes sense then, that these gods who were masters of navigation would have been the ones to assist Noah, or whatever he was called depending on the culture, in the survival of the Flood, by teaching him navigation. It is clear that man knew nothing of this prior to the Flood. This was one of the most vital transmissions of sacred, forbidden knowledge from god to man that ever happened. And navigation is done by means of the stars!
This is perhaps the point at which all of these symbols converge. Wisdom has always been associated with the stars. Wise men are said to be able to “read” the stars. There are even alphabets in which the characters are based on constellations, or the movement of stars. The night sky, therefore, can be likened to a book, or perhaps, better yet, a tablet. Is this what Enoch meant when he wrote that the gods showed him “The Tablet of Heaven”, from which he copied and inscribed his own Emerald Tablet of forbidden knowledge? The Book of Enoch itself attests that this knowledge consisted largely of the specific mathematics of the revolutions of the heavenly bodies. And this Emerald Tablet which Enoch wrote was then given to Noah, who took it on board the Ark. As noted in another article, this same tablet may have also ended up in the Ark of the Covenant, making one wonder if the word itself does not imply a vessel containing this tablet.
It is worth noting other similarities between the “Ark of Heaven”, the Ark of Noah, and the Ark of the Covenant. Just as the celestial boat was sometimes called the “Chariot of the Sun”, the Ark of the Covenant was called the “Chariot of God.” Also, God’s throne in Heaven is described in the Bible as a chariot, and the Ark of the Covenant is referred to as God’s throne, while the Ship of Saturn was believed to contain his throne as well. Both the Ark of the Covenant and the Ark of Noah were built according to specific instructions supplied by God, and therefore involve the principles of sacred architecture. This, along with navigation, was another piece of divine knowledge passed down during the Flood, and notably, both are now associated with the use of a compass, although the word signifies a different device depending on the context in which we are speaking. Furthermore, this knowledge was passed down from the “Arch of Heaven”, but only to the elite descendants of the gods, and is therefore “arcane.” We seem to be witnessing a convergence of symbols that were once thought to be completely separate.
H. P. Blavatsky wrote in The Secret Doctrine that:“...like all other legends, that of ‘the Deluge’ has more than one meaning... some accounts refer to the sidereal and cosmic Flood before the so-called creation, the others treat, one of the Great Flood of Matter on Earth, and the other of a real watery deluge.” I would certainly agree that there is more than one meaning. For at some point in the mythic consciousness of our ancestors, the real, literal, and historically existent god-kings of Atlantis, who were masters of navigation, and therefore sea-gods, got merged with the occurrences in the celestial sea, with the pilot of the Boat of Heaven. This is undoubtedly because the real, historical gods purposely associated themselves with the stars.
As I mentioned previously, The Book of Enoch describes the gods, angels, or “Watchers” in heaven as literally being stars. According to the text, at some point these stars descended from Heaven to mate with the human females below:
“I looked in my vision and surveyed heaven; when behold I saw many stars which descended... they all protruded their parts of shame like horses, and began to ascend the young cows, all of whom became pregnant, and brought forth elephants, camels, and asses.”
The cows represent the human females, and the other animals are the “giants” or “monsters” which were said to have come from this union of god and man. Such breeding was, of course against the rules in Heaven. And so the Lord had the Earth flooded, to rid it of this pestilence, while the rebellious angels were imprisoned in Hell, situated in the center of the Earth.
Likewise, Kronos is said to have fallen from Heaven, and been imprisoned in the underworld as the “Lord of the Earth”, a title also given to Satan. Even David Talbott’s model of the ship of Saturn had to at one point changed into the night sky that we see today. This is described in The Book of Enoch when it says, “The face of Heaven will change.” Some change of orbit must have occurred, and a heavenly body must have fallen out of the sky, plunging to Earth. This could certainly have caused a flood, in all of the manners in which it is described by the ancients. If the “firmament of Heaven” had still been in existence at that point, it would have been melted, or busted open. Thus, the “Floodgates of Heaven were opened.” The impact would have caused the seas to overflow, and if the Earth is full of water as some have claimed, it would have cracked the crust of the Earth open and brought those waters forth as well, just as the flood accounts describe, when the Earth opens up and “the Fountains of the Deep” are loosed. It may have even caused a changed in polarity of the Earth. All of these things are described very explicitly in The Book of Enoch:
“In those days Noah saw that the earth became inclined, and that destruction approached.”
In almost every culture, a myth like this exists. Rebellious gods breed with humans, and give forbidden knowledge to mankind. This causes anger with the other gods, who flooded the Earth in retaliation. The rebellious gods decide to save one family, or one person, by teaching him how to build a boat. A long period of time passes. He washes up on a mountain top. He sends out a bird, and when it returns with mud on its feet, or a branch in its beak, or doesn’t return at all, he deems it safe to disembark.
Especially interesting is the recurrence of the word “Ark” in reference to the boat, which gets confused mythologically with the divine boat of Heaven. “Argha” was the celestial boat of the Hindus, while the Boat of Ra was called the “Bark.” Hercules, who sailed the night in the Cup of Helios, the Sun, was sometimes referred to as “Arkaleus.” “Argo” was the name of another mythological ship in which the Greek gods sailed (most notably, Jason and the Argonauts), which itself was said to be made from the “guiding timber” of the “Ark” of Deucalion, the Greek Noah character. Deucalion was also said to have repopulated the Earth by throwing stones behind his back, which then magically transformed into a race of humans. Once again, the stone that fell from Heaven implies the transference of divine seed into humans, who then repopulate the post-diluvian world. And quite notably, in other instances, “Arks” are referred to as containers of divine seed. In the Masonic ritual of the “Prince of the Tabernacle”, an “Ark” is proceeded around the room which is said to contain “the organs of generation of Osiris.” Likewise, in the Grecian “Mysteries of Samothrace”, a similar myth was re-enacted. As Albert Pike describes, “The Diosairi, tutelary Deities of Navigation [emphasis added], with Venus, were invoked.” The ceremony involved the mimicked the death of someone “slain by his brothers, who fled into Etruria, carrying with him the chest or Ark that contained his genitals: and there the phallus and the sacred Ark were adored.”
In these various myths, the person playing the character of Noah is almost always a literal blood descendant of the rebellious gods. The historian Berosus wrote that Noah himself was married to the goddess Titea, who some say was the mother of the Titans. G.S. Faber tried to identify Noah with the Phoenician god “Agruerus”, and H.P. Blavatsky writes of him:
“Agruerus is Kronos, or Saturn, and the prototype of the Israelitish Jehovah. As connected with the Argha, the... Ark of Salvation, Noah is mythologically one with Saturn.”
Yet from another source, we have the following account:
“Xisuthrus (the Babylonian Noah) was warned about the flood beforehand by the deity Cronos, and told to build a ship and take with him his friends and relations and all the different animals with all necessary food and trust himself fearlessly to the deep.”
Although the accounts are confused, it is clear that Kronos is associated with the Ark of Noah one way or another. Perhaps the most obvious answer is that Noah has been confused with Kronos because he was a blood relation to Kronos, perhaps even his son. We know that Noah had some sort of divine parentage. This is made clear in the Biblical account of his birth, and even more so in The Book of Enoch:
“She [Noah’s mother] became pregnant by him, and brought forth a child, the flesh of which was white as snow and red as a rose; the hair of whose head was white like wool, and long; and whose eyes were beautiful. When he opened them, he illuminated all the house, like the sun; the whole house abounded with light. And when he was taken from the hand of the midwife, opening also his mouth, he spoke to the Lord of righteousness. Then Lamech his father was afraid of him, and flying away came to his own father Mathusala, and said: I have begotten a son, a changed son. He is not human; but resembling the offspring of the angels of heaven, is of a different nature from ours, being altogether unlike us. His eyes are bright as the rays of the sun; his countenance glorious and he looks not as if he belonged to me, but to the angels.”
Noah, clearly then, was of divine parentage, as are all the characters who play his role in the various myths throughout the globe. In the Noah myth, this divine father appears to be Kronos, or perhaps, as some sources say, Oannes, who himself appears to be either the same, or at least represents basically the same things as, Kronos. As the father of Noah, therefore, Kronos would have become the ancestor of all humanity, for it was Noah’s line alone that would survive the Flood. Now we understand his title of “the Forgotten Father.” Indeed, it appears that he was also involved in warning Noah of the Flood and helping him to build the Ark.
This is the point that I wish to get across. The Deluge was a most pivotal time period, in which the divine seed was passed down to mankind, and the forbidden knowledge of the gods was passed down to those offspring. In The Book of Enoch we read of the Flood:
“In those days shall punishment go forth from the Lord of Spirits; and the receptables of water which are above the heavens shall be opened, and the fountains likewise, which are under the heavens and under the earth. All the waters which are in the heavens and above them, shall be mixed together. The water which is above heaven shall be the male; And the water which is under the earth shall be female; and all shall be destroyed who dwell upon the earth, and who dwell under the extremities of heaven.”
Clearly the Flood itself is being likened to this insemination, when the waters from above meet the waters below. The sky was literally falling. Heaven and Earth were becoming one. The divine wisdom (symbolized by the celestial waters) poured down on their human offspring, and the divine seed poured into the human females. This is at once, symbolically, the cause of the Flood, and the Flood itself. And the Ark of Heaven, piloted by Saturn, became the Ark of Noah, piloted by his son, navigating the Earth, in search of the Mount of Salvation.
The Ark, therefore, is the symbolic vessel that carried both that divine seed and that divine knowledge. This is at one with the symbol of the Earth itself being inseminated, like in the birth of Venus. It is remarkable, then, that in the Egyptian versions of the story, it was Isis herself (the Egyptian equivalent of Venus) who was shut up in the Ark, and who piloted it to safety. Also note that in the Sumerian legends, the celestial Ark was piloted by Enki (whom the Greeks considered to be the same as Saturn), and it was called the “Magur-boat.” Magur is reminiscent of “Magdalen”, whom I have established in previous articles as being a personification of Venus. I am reminded of the story of the Ship of Solomon, piloted by an unseen force, which brought Mary Magdalen and her divine/royal offspring (the child of Jesus) to France. Note also that I have already drawn a connection between Solomon and Kronos, because of the etymology of Solomon’s name, and because they both use the same seal, the six-pointed star. Venus is symbolized by a five-pointed star, which is “Star of David”, the head of the royal house from which Magdalen’s child came.(5)
It was this the bloodline which, according to the Bible, ultimately came from Noah, and which ultimately resulted in Jesus Christ, the Merovingian Kings of France (including Dagobert II), and finally, most of the royal houses of Europe, as well as all of the Presidents of the United States. This is what I have referred to repeatedly in this magazine as “the bloodline of the Holy Grail.” And the Ark, as the sacred vessel, can be likened to the Grail cup which metaphorically received that blood. Like the Grail, the ark is a symbol of the vessel that received the divine transmission of both seed and sacred knowledge. And though the waters of the deluge have subsided, the holy ark of God sails on, ready to alight in fresh ports where the light of this divine knowledge has yet to be disseminated.
Appendix: From the recently-published Space Travelers and the Genesis of the Human Form by Joan d’Arc I have, since writing the above article, gleaned the following, highly relevant information, indicating that the Flood was associated with the planet Saturn not only by ancient man, but by the famous astrophysicist, Emmanuel Velikovsky. It also suggests the theory, proposed in the Dagobert’s Revenge article “Le Serpent Rouge Reinterpreted”, that the Noah’s Ark scenario occurred for a number of people on Earth during the Flood, each landing on a different mountain, which was for them the equivalent of Mt. Ararat. I quote from Space Travelers:
“[Velikovsky] noted that rabbinical sources refer to the building of many arks before the deluge. Velikovsky suggested that there were perhaps many Noahs, but only one of the arks actually survived. He wrote, however, that ancient stories say that other people survived the flood waters in caves high in the mountains, in far separated regions of the Earth... The continents changed their places, and even the sky was not the same.
The Astrological connection between Saturn and water catastrophes was a very ancient origin, wrote Velikovsky. Many ancient astrologers, including Ptolemy, attributed floods to the planet Saturn. The Hindus assigned the deluge to the end of the Satya Yuga, and the reign of the Satyavrata, or Saturn. The Saturnian age was the age of the Flood, and Brahma (the planet Saturn) is said to have warned Manu of the deluge. After the waters covered the Earth, Brahma is said to have ‘floated over the expanse of the ocean.’ An ancient woodcut portrays Brahma seated ‘on a rayed disk’, which is hovering over the waters of the deluge. The woodcut contains the words: ‘Then the Lord floated over the vast ocean, void of the sun and moon.’
In his publication Kronos, Velikovsky noted that the identification of Brahma with Saturn is evidenced by the fact that the god is assigned a celestial sphere. A celestial sphere could be interpreted as an ‘orbit.’ Velikovsky noted that legends tell that the ‘high-souled Brahma is seated in the highest abode’, and that the ‘highest celestial sphere is that of Brahma.’
... Velikovsky ascribed the universal deluge to a catastrophe, invoking the planet Saturn, which, he believed, exploded like a supernova. The date of the event, he claimed, was possibly about ten thousand years ago. He believed the solar system, and perhaps points beyond, were illuminated by this exploding star, ‘and in a matter of a week the Earth was enveloped in waters of a Saturnian origin.’”
This sounds very similar to the Saturnian catastrophe that David Talbott described in his article, which, he believes, also caused the Flood, even implying, as Talbot did, that Saturn was the brightest object in the night’s sky at that time. Such a catastrophe would have been huge, and global, wiping out 90% of all life. Any survivors, locked in the many arks that Velikovsky imagined, would have had to remain floating aimlessly until the water began to subside, and then only the mountain tops would be inhabitable, as I have speculated must have occurred in the French Pyrenees mountains, one of the first post-Diluvian settlements. Joan d’Arc makes a similar observation later on:
“Archeologists have always been curious about the peculiar origins husbandry and agriculture in the mountainous regions of Mt. Ararat - a strange place for agricultural beginnings. Even the Table of Nations in Genesis 10 seems to suggest that higher areas were populated first... The first seven nations to be established by the lineage of Noah were situated in the highlands of Asia Minor, the Black Sea, and the Caspian Sea. The lower coastal areas and islands were settled by much later descendants, since these areas were not habitable until much later.”
Evidence that a civilization did spring up in the immediate surroundings of the landing-point of Noah’s Ark is presented in the book The Day Behemoth and Leviathan Died, by David Allen Deal. Deal writes about the archeological team that discovered what were believed to be the remains of Noah’s Ark in Turkey in 1977, and an ancient city near the surrounding area that was presumably built by Noah himself. Deal writes:
“On October 7th, 1998, confirmation and identification of the lost city of Naxuan was made by a team of three... of an ancient culture just at the place of the Ark’s landing at 7400’ up on Judi Dagi, just east of Dogubayazit, adjacent to the Iranian border. This site is also an ancient necropolis, used for thousands of years, with millions of graves extant... Hood, Sura of the Koran proclaims that the Ark landed on ‘Al-Judi’ (Cudi Dagi in Turkish is pronounced Judi.) The name Cudi is derived from the ancient Shemitic cognate khud, meaning ‘first’, or ‘the first.’ It is not only the name of the mountain - the first settlement after the flood, but it is the source of the name of its perennial occupants as well, the Khurds. The ancient rendering for the region is the mountains of Corduria, the ‘mountain of the Khurds.’”
This etymology is particularly interesting given that which I have already examined in other articles. “Cudi” is similar to “Cadi”, which, as I have stated, refers to the Akkadians, and the ancient god-kings of Atlantis known as the “Khatti.” The word “Cuddy” still implies fish in many languages, thus, for instance, the word “cuttlefish.” In fact one of the Atlantean kings wrote his name as the hieroglyph for a cuttlefish. That this would mean the same thing as “Judi” implies that the word “Judah”, and thus “Jew”, came from this root in addition to the tribal name “Khurd.” That it has the word “Dagi” attached to it is also interesting, for it implies the Atlantean King Dagon, who was also known as “El”, or “Al”, meaning “lord.” Deal continues:
“This is the very important mountain that is mentioned by ancient writers such as Berosus and the Koran. It is the very twin-peaked (breasted) ‘Mountain of Mashu or Mesha’ which was written of in the ancient Sumerian/ Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh, as well as the Bible. (Genesis 10:30) It is in the ‘hairy Urartu’ or ‘mountains of Urartu’, to quote the Bible, seventeen miles across the valley from Mt. Ararat.”
Readers may recognize these “Mountains of Mashu” from the article “Dead But Dreaming”, about H.P. Lovecraft and The Necronomicon, where the “Mountains of Mashu” are named as the place where the evil ancient ones, consigned to the underworld, congregate, and it is suggested that they can travel from the underworld, to Earth and all the way up to Heaven via these mountains. A similar implication is brought forth by David Allen Deal later on. He also elaborated on the meaning of the name:
“This mountain [Dagi] has an adjacent, or descent which is called Masher in Turkish, meaning doomsday - or Mashur, meaning resurrection; both probably deriving from the Shemitic word for rescue from the water (Mashesh.) Moses was similarly named Moshesh - because he was rescued from death out of the Nile waters... Judi-Cudi Dagi is the name of the highest peak on the Ark mountain, a modern city in present-day Armenia, situated 75 miles east of both Mount Ararat and the Ark of Mount Judi (Cudi), near Dogubayazit, Turkey, bears the name ‘Nachicevan’, which is the same as Noah’s city Naxuan (a) noach (= Noah) - tsywn (= Zion, meaning ‘capitol city’), or also, possibly Noakh-tswaneh, (meaning ‘Noah’s sheepfold’).”
This paragraph is interesting for several reasons. For one, it states that “Mashu” may come from a word that means “rescue from water”, bringing to mind the phrase “deliver me from the mire” from the poem Le Serpent Rouge. It also states that the name of Noah’s capital was “Noah’s Sion”, and that the word Sion means capitol. This may shed new light the Priory of Sion’s apparent interest in the Flood of Noah, referred to repeatedly in Le Serpent Rouge, which they published. Perhaps the “Sion” which they are dedicated to is something more that just a symbol of Jerusalem, and perhaps the “Ark” treasure believed to be buried at Rennes-le-Chateau is more than just the Ark of the Covenant, as has been previously presumed. The phrase “Noah’s sheepfold” also implies the kings of Atlantis, who were called shepherds. And the fact that the place of the Ark’s landing became a large necropolis, known as “Doomsday”, is significant too, for in Le Serpent Rouge it is implied that part of the buried treasure of Rennes-le-Chateau involves “embalmed corpses.” Deal continues in detail:
“...Nearly two thousand years before our time, Josephus the Jewish historian made mention of the city of Naxuan... Noah had been dead for 2100 years before Josephus took up his writings in the first century A.D. Such a time span is terribly long to keep a monument active. Facts which shall be presented give rise to the following hypothesis; in order for such a monument to remain in service it would have to be a secular necropolis, a city of the dead, totally independent of the empires - a burial ground that everyone could be connected to no matter which family of man, religion, or state, because at this level all men are descendants of Noah... All families of the earth, all nationalities, all religions, all united in death, awaiting doomsday on Masher Dag with Noah and his Ark... ‘Mashu-Mesha-Mashur’ meaning ‘Judgment Day’ or ‘Doomsday’... In The Epic of Gilgamesh, the hero comes to the mountain called Mashu, to meet with Utnapishtim, the ‘ageless one’ who has been saved from the Deluge. David Fasold points out that the name Mashu is virtually the same as the name of the slope where the Ark remains are found, ‘Mashur.’ This name is the same as the name given in the Bible in Genesis, Mesha.”
Deal goes on to present archeological evidence that while the Ark had originally been parked on Naxuan, which is called locally ‘the place of first descent’, soil erosion caused it to slide downhill. He writes, “The old Ark had broken away, hull still intact, from just below the escarpment known locally as Yigityatagi, or ‘Hero’s Bed.’” This is fascinating, because it implies a connection to the other “hero’s bed’ believes to be located in Montsegur, France, along with the treasure - the Tomb of Hercules. Writes Deal:
“Near the site where the ruined Ark now rests, is a small town of stone an mud-walled Kurdish houses, and most likely is the remains of the latest and final permutation of Seron, known as ‘the city of dispersion.’ Nearby towns called “sar’ and “Na-sar’ may have been reflections of the original name Seron... The Ark descended, and impaled itself on a sharp rock, or ‘tsar’, in the Shemitic Aramaic Hebrew languages, giving name to the city of ‘Tsaron.’”
In this paragraph, Deal not only shows that the Biblical name of Sharon (as in “the Rose of Sharon”) derives from the name for “sharp rock”, but I feel that the words “Tsar” (meaning “king”) and “star” may be linked as well. This makes sense, because a king’s rule symbolically rests upon a stone - a stone which in many cultures is said to have fallen from Heaven, and which is sometimes referred to as a “star.” In Jewish culture, this stone is the “rock of Sion.” He comments further:
“The point of impact and penetration of the side of the hull by the great sharp rock (tsar) shows quite well how the forces of impact have both distorted the hull and bent the pulpit by means of its pivotal motion after it became attached to the sharp rock. Anchor stones, huge one, have been discovered both neat the Ark (Kazan) and have been reported hundreds of miles up-course at the original site of Ankara, Turkey. (Ankara means anchor in Greek.) Ton Wyatt of Tennessee reported finding one near the ark ruins and has shown a photo of it on his website... Gilgamesh stated that, ‘It is impossible to pass over the waters of death without the stone things.”
While the author obviously thinks that this is a reference to the use of anchors, I think it is more likely a reference to the use of lodestone for a compass in navigation, which was then known of, and even worshipped, by ancient man. It is worth noting that both compasses and anchors are important symbols in Freemasonry. Deal next turns his etymological insights to the word “ark”:
“An ark, in Shemitic, is a chest or box, even a boat, properly (tubah.) Egyptians made chests in the shape of cats and other zoomorphic and even anthropomorphic shapes. Sailors still call their boats ‘tubs.’ Could this be a reflection of the ancient word used for the great ship of Noah, a Tub-ah? The English word ‘ark’ also is a coffin in Hebrew. It is possible that Noah is still in his Ark, preserved as a lasting monument until doomsday? (Arwn is an ark: as in ark of the covenant. It also means coffin , as in Genesis 50:26.)”
These are important statements. For one thing, the emphasis on “Tubah” is interesting because Noah had a descendant named “Tubal-Cain” who is very important in Masonic lore, his name even being used as password in their order, and he is credited with having invented metallurgy. The notion of Noah being buried in his Ark ties in directly with the notion that Hercules, who also had an Ark, is buried within it, at Montsegur, the French equivalent to Ararat. Noah was supposedly the progenitor of all men, like Kronos, the “Forgotten Father”, and his remains were therefore revered inside a sacred “ark.” In this context it is worth reviewing Joan d’Arc’s own examination of the word “ark” in Space Travelers and the Genesis of the Human Form, where she writes:
“The story of the Flood and the ark, which contains the ‘archetype of all living creatures in pairs (the word arche in Greek is related to ark) goes back to at least Sumerian times. Robert Temple writes in The Sirius Mystery that the ark stories of the Greeks and of the Hebrews are ‘extremely late forms of an exceedingly ancient story, which existed thousands of years before there were such things as Greeks or Hebrews in existence.’ He research concludes that both sources are describing magical ships in which sit ‘those who come out of the womb’ in the sense that they repopulate the world after the deluge.’ Specifically, the reference to those who come out of the womb, Temple writes, ‘seems to refer to the children of the Earth goddess springing from the womb of the Earth.’”
David Allen Deal seems to come to similar conclusions after examining the Mountains of Mashu, and the legends that surround them, for he felt that the mountains themselves symbolized both the center and the origin of all things. The fact that the mountains of Mashu are twin-peaked ties them in directly with the “world mountain” with “two horns” that David Talbott associates with the ship of Saturn. Deal makes the same connection, and also associates it with the origination of the mother-goddess concept. Deal quotes from The Epic of Gilgamesh:
“So at length Gilgamesh came to Mashu, the great mountains about which he had heard many things, which guard the rising and the setting of the sun. Its twin peaks are high as the Wall of Heaven, and its paps reach down into the Underworld... the mountains that guard the rising sun.”
There you have it. The “world mountain” of Mashu was considered a gateway to both Heaven and Hell, as well as the place where the Sun rises. You couldn’t ask for imagery more closely associated with the Grail. Deal then comments:
“This term, ‘its paps’, define it as a female place , at least in the view of the author of the Epic of Gilgamesh. This Mashu was the dwelling-place of Noah (Utnapishtim of the Akkadians.) Others have identified this place as Naxuan. It has been spelled variously Naxuan... Naxuana, Nachidsheuan (literally, Noach-tsywn, which means Noah’s Zion, or capitol.) ... It is the place that ‘first man’ and ‘first woman’ emerged from Mother Earth.”
Deal believes that the mountains and the remains of the Ark itself physically suggest the body of the Mother Goddess:
“Looking up to the mountain Cudi Dagi, it is a simple analog to identify the female breasts along the escarpment, the ‘twin peaks’ and ‘paps’ of Gilgamesh. But what really ties the thought together is the vaginal shape of the vessel, the remains of the ark laying in a large triangular patch of expansive mud flow soil, a true Mons Venis. And how fitting it is to have humanity emerge again, in rebirth, as it were, from the female-formed vessel that had so recently saved them from the flood of destruction... The Mother Earth concept must surely have sprung from it at an early date, and this means that Byanu, or Venus of the Celts must have also derived from it as well.”
Recalling how Venus’ own birth had once been achieved from the severed penis of Kronos, cast into the ocean, and what we know about Egyptian legends that Venus was in fact the pilot of the Ark, this is very important. Deal continues.
“...The Venus connection is a very simple one, although it has, as with most mystery religions, a double-entendre or hidden meaning. Since we see that the Mother Ship of mankind (and the scene about her) had taken on the attributes of a part of the anatomy of a woman - interestingly, boats are female in our culture - a woman who is now embedded in the mud of the earth, who had, in an abstract sense, given birth to a new generation of humanity, or at the very least had been an instrument of that rebirth, we may look to the Shemitic double-meaning in the earth-goddess name ‘byanu.’ In Hebrew, a Shemitic language (Akkadian Shemitic is the language of the Epic of Gilgamesh), the letter ‘b’ is a prefix that means by, in or at. Then ‘an’ is a singular form of ‘ani’, meaning ships. Nu is a well-known short form of the name of the flood hero, Noah (e.g. AN-NU of the Egyptians, also a Shemitic language.)Therefore, ‘b-an-nu’, an early name for the earth-mother goddess of the Gaelic-Keltic peoples of Europe and otherwise known as the goddess Venus, may also simply mean ‘by our ship.’”
It would also mean, by implication, that Anu, the forefather of the Sumerian god-kings who gave them the name “Annunaki”, has a name that is a compound of “ship” and the Sumerian name for Noah. And Deal makes it clear that these “gods” and “goddesses” were based on real, historical people. He writes of the goddess:
“... She began as a human personage, Queen Semeramis (her name means doves), who along with her husband, Assur, or Nimrod, the mighty hunter who opposed Yahweh (he is claimed to have begun a war against the ‘god of heaven’ and built a high tower to shoot arrows up at the ‘gods.’) started a free-love religion and was prosecuted (and executed) by Shem, and a counsel of eighty elders. His body was hacked to pieces and sent to all the city-states of the day as a warning to any future apostates... Of course, by the next cultural generation in Egypt, Shem ‘the righteous’ became Set, the ‘evil’, and poor ‘Osiris’ (Egyptian Nimrod) is seen as having been hacked to pieces.”
Deal ties the goddess concept in with the Ark, and shows that the Ark represented the “Cosmic Egg” from which, in mythology, the human race emerged after the Flood (or sometimes, at the beginning of creation). He also shows how it led to the universal association of eggs and goddess-worship, inherent in the ritual celebration of Easter. Of Ishtar he writes:
“In her myth, she was supposedly born from a huge egg that, according to the legend, had landed somewhere not far from the river Euphrates. After she somehow got out of this great egg, which Hyslop quite accurately equates to Noah’s Ark, Ishtar was attended by doves, which have ever since become her symbol, one freely used for her in Christianity to this very day. She is also normally seen as a mother holding a child, a Madonna with doves descending as a major motif.
Meanwhile, back in reality, the Ark of Noah had indeed been ‘attended to by doves’, the very dove or doves sent out a week apart to determine the level of the water as the flood subsided. The parallel is clear once one is able to equate Ishtar (Great Mother Goddess) with the Ark of Noah. As her religion developed observances of Ishtar’s feast day, or more properly, her husband Marduk the Babylonian sun god’s day, it came to involve pre-dawn gathering to face the east and the sun rising on vernal equinox morning (surprisingly close to Easter with its pagan sun worship). This idea ultimately became associated with Ishtar/Easter eggs, recalling her ‘great egg’ that had in reality been ‘the Ark of Noah.’”
Then Deal points out something very interesting about Noah which may link him even more closely with Kronos. You will recall that Kronos was castrated, his penis landing in the ocean next to the “Rock of the Romans”, miraculously spawning the Lady Venus of the ocean waters. Deal writes:
“In the biblical story, Noah is ‘harmed’ in some physical way after the flood by kHam’s son Canaan while drunk from wine he had made. Canaan is subsequently cursed. Extra-biblical accounts claim that Shem castrated his grandfather, and that is the reason for the radical curse cast on him. There is much in Greek mythology to support this idea.”
The element in Greek mythology that I presume he is talking about is the story of Kronos. Deal continues, linking the castrated Canaan with the fratricidal Cain of Genesis - forefather, some believe, to the divine/infernal Grail family. In this light, it is interesting to examine Deal’s contention that a conspiracy existed even before the Flood to marry the line of Cain in with the line of Noah to ensure that the bloodline survived the deluge. Deal states:
“In Cain’s lineage, the ninth generation, a female is mentioned in the Bible. She is Naamah, the sister of Tubal-Cain. It is rare for a female to be listed in the biblical genealogies of any family. If Naamah had married kHam, she would have accomplished three things.
First, she would have brought Cain’s bloodlines through the flood. Secondly, she would have become the mother of Canaan (named for Cain?) and therefore all the kHametic peoples of the post-flood world. Lastly, she may have caused Noah’s distress that his number-one son, kHam had seen fit to marry a descendant of Cain, the murderer, rather than a female from Seth’s good line... Naamah would have been the mother of the cursed Canaan and would have been viewed as the great matriarchal ancestral personage that came through the ‘primordial flood waters, opposed to the bad male Shem’, who, acting as world-king, later hacked her grandson Nimrod to death. These two opposing forces were in play very early on. KHametic peoples with their prevalent matriarchal beliefs, and Shemitic peoples with their male deity Yahweh. Nimrod, the grandson of kHam and Naamah, was claimed to have instituted a great apostasy against Yahweh, who ‘dwelt in the skies.’ He built a high tower for the fight. He was possessed with hate against Yahweh, probably brought on by his grandmother Naamah’s hate of Adam’s king line, and perhaps even for Noah, her father-in-law, who was a lineal descendant in the king line.”
Interestingly, Deal points out that Set, or Seth, is portrayed as alternately a godly man, in the Jewish tradition, or the Devil himself, in the Egyptian tradition, proving that good and evil are subjective according to the local politics of a given culture. Such a transformation seems to have occurred with Satan, of whom Set is a prototype, and who was, in earlier times, perceived as a good guy, a bearer of wisdom and good intentions towards mankind. Deal also show that the Tower of Babel story has a historical basis in the true story of the Babylonian king Nimrod. It is worthy of note that the Tower of Babel story shows up closely in proximity to the Flood story, and would seem to be interrelated somehow. Most cultures that have Flood stories also have Tower of Babel stories, also located closely together in chronological time.
(1) If the Earth really was covered with a “Firmament” of ice this reflection of light would have become even more distorted and pronounced.
(2) This would explain while the Black Sun is sometimes called “the Midnight Sun.”
(3) The word Moon is very close to “Mon”, an incarnation of Ra who was called “the Hidden God.” This is almost exactly like the title “the Hidden One” which is applied to Saturn. Note also that in occultism Saturn is associated with the six-pointed star, sometimes called the “Seal of Solomon.” Solomon’s name, taken apart, could translate to “Sol-Mon” - “the Hidden Sun.”
(4) We are reminded of the Hindi story of the fish who towed the Ark to safety during the Deluge by means of his horn.
(5) Often, the six-pointed star is erroneously referred t as “the Star of David”, and has been branded as such in popular culture.